Existence results for B-root subgroups on affine spherical varieties (Roman Avdeev)
The talk of Roman Avdeev at the Seminar of the Laboratory on Algebraic Transformation Groups.
In the study of automorphism groups of toric varieties, a key role is played by one-parameter additive groups normalized by the acting torus. Such subgroups are called root subgroups and each of them is uniquely determined by its weight, called a Demazure root of the corresponding toric variety. Moreover, the set of all Demazure roots admits an explicit combinatorial description in terms of the fan defining the toric variety. For an affine toric T-variety X, an important property states that every T-stable prime divisor in X can be connected with the open T-orbit via the action of an appropriate root subgroup.
In the setting of arbitrary connected reductive groups acting on algebraic varieties, a natural generalization of toric varieties is given by spherical varieties. A spherical variety is an algebraic variety X equipped with an action of a connected reductive group G in such a way that a Borel subgroup B of G has an open orbit in X. It was proposed in  that a proper generalization of root subgroups for spherical varieties is given by one-parameter additive groups normalized by B, which are called B-root subgroups. At present, a complete description of all B-root subgroups on affine spherical varieties remains an open problem.
In this talk, we shall discuss results of  where some sufficient conditions for the existence of B-root subgroups on a given affine spherical G-variety X were found. Here a key role is played by the so-called local structure theorem. As an application, it turns out that every G-stable prime divisor in X can be connected with the open G-orbit via the action of an appropriate B-root subgroup, which generalizes the above-mentioned result in the toric case.
 Ivan Arzhantsev, Roman Avdeev. Root subgroups on affine spherical varieties. Preprint (2021), see arXiv:2012.02088v2
 Roman Avdeev, Vladimir Zhgoon. On the existence of B-root subgroups on affine spherical varieties. Preprint (2021), see arXiv:2112.14268